Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Rate Using Twisted Tape with Elliptical Holes

K. R. Gawande, A. V. Deshmukh

Abstract

An experimental investigation was carried for measuring tube-side heat transfer coefficient, friction factor, heat transfer enhancement efficiency of water for turbulent flow in a circular tube fitted with rectangular-cut twisted tape insert. A copper tube of 26.6 mm internal diameter and 30 mm outer diameter and 900 mm test length was used. A stainless steel rectangular-cut twisted tape insert of 5.25 twist ratio was inserted into the smooth tube. The rectangular cut had 8 mm depth and 14 mm width. A uniform heat flux condition was created by wrapping nichrome wire around the test section and fiber glass over the wire. Outer surface temperatures of the tube were measured at 5 different points of the test section by T-type thermocouples. Two thermometers were used for measuring the bulk temperatures. At the outlet section the thermometer was placed in a mixing box. The Reynolds numbers were varied in the range 10000-19000 with heat flux variation 14 to 22 kW/m2 for smooth tube, and 23 to 40 kW/m2 for tube with insert. Nusselt numbers obtained from smooth tube were compared with Gnielinski correlation and errors were found to be in the range of -6% to -25% with r.m.s. value of 20%. At comparable Reynolds number, Nusselt numbers in tube with rectangular-cut twisted tape insert were enhanced by 2.3 to 2.9 times at the cost of increase of friction factors by 1.4 to 1.8 times compared to that of smooth tube. Heat transfer enhancement efficiencies were found to be in the range of 1.9 to 2.3 and increased with the increase of Reynolds number.

Keywords

Experimental Investigation,Heat Transfer,Twisted Tape,Elliptical Holes.

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